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If left untreated, venous disease can lead to:
- An increased risk of blood clots
- Skin discoloration
- Hardening of the skin
- Ulcer formation on the lower leg
Venous disease also can lead to the following conditions:
- Varicose Veins
- Spider and Reticular Veins
Symptoms of venous disease include:
- Fatigue, heaviness in legs
- Pain — throbbing, burning, stabbing
- Cramping, especially at night
- Itchiness around the lower calf and ankle
- Restless legs
Vein Disease Risk Factors
- The primary risk factor for venous disease is heredity. If both your parents had vein problems, there's an 89 percent chance you will, too.
- Age is another factor. Though venous disease can develop in your teens, it does become more prevalent as you age.
- Women are three times more likely to develop varicose veins than men due to hormonal factors.
- The chance of developing varicose veins increases with each pregnancy because of the fluctuating hormones and also because the growing baby puts pressure on the mother's pelvic veins.
- Obesity is a factor, but only raises the risk slightly.
- Standing and sitting professions also increase the likelihood of developing venous disease. Without proper muscle contractions, blood can pool in the legs and cause varicose veins.
- Trauma from an accident or from a medical procedure that damages the vein can eventually lead to varicose veins.