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Health Illustrated Encyclopedia Multimedia Abdominal girth 08/14/2015 ()
Abdominal girth is the measurement of the distance around the abdomen at a specific point. Measurement is most often made at the level of the belly button (navel). Abdominal girth is used to diagnose and monitor the following: Buildup of fluid in the abdomen, most often caused by liver failure or heart failure Obesity Buildup of intestinal gas, most often caused by blockage or obstruction in the intestines References: Bray GA. Obesity. In: Feldman M, Friedman LS, Brandt LJ, eds.
Health Illustrated Encyclopedia Multimedia Acute 11/02/2014 ()
Acute means sudden or severe. Acute symptoms appear, change, or worsen rapidly. It is the opposite of chronic . Review Date: 11/2/2014 Reviewed By: Linda J. Vorvick, MD, Medical Director and Director of Didactic Curriculum, MEDEX Northwest Division of Physician Assistant Studies, Department of Family Medicine, UW Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Isla Ogilvie, PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.
Health Illustrated Encyclopedia Multimedia Adolescent development 02/05/2015 ()
During adolescence, children develop the ability to: Understand abstract ideas. These include grasping higher math concepts, and developing moral philosophies, including rights and privileges. Establish and maintain satisfying relationships.
Health Illustrated Encyclopedia Multimedia Adolescent test or procedure preparation 05/14/2014 ()
There are many ways to help an adolescent prepare for a medical test or procedure. First, provide detailed information and explain the reasons for the procedure.
Health Illustrated Encyclopedia Multimedia Adrenal glands 08/05/2014 ()
Each adrenal gland is about the size of the top part of the thumb. The outer part of the gland is called the cortex. It produces steroid hormones such as cortisol, aldosterone, and hormones that can be converted to testosterone. The inner part of the gland is called the medulla. It produces epinephrine and norepinephrine, which are also called adrenaline and noradrenaline.
Health Illustrated Encyclopedia Multimedia Aerobic 11/02/2014 ()
Aerobic means oxygen is needed to: Survive Grow Work properly For example, bacteria that need oxygen to grow are called aerobic bacteria. Aerobic is the opposite of anaerobic . Review Date: 11/2/2014 Reviewed By: Linda J. Vorvick, MD, Medical Director and Director of Didactic Curriculum, MEDEX Northwest Division of Physician Assistant Studies, Department of Family Medicine, UW Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Isla Ogilvie, PhD, and the A.
Health Illustrated Encyclopedia Multimedia Aging changes in body shape 10/27/2014 ()
Your body shape changes naturally as you age. You cannot avoid some of these changes, but your lifestyle choices may slow or speed the process. The human body is made up of fat, lean tissue (muscles and organs), bones, and water. After age 30, people tend to lose lean tissue. Your muscles, liver, kidney, and other organs may lose some of their cells. This process of muscle loss is called atrophy. Bones may lose some of their minerals and become less dense (a condition called osteopenia in the early stages and osteoporosis in the later stages).
Health Illustrated Encyclopedia Multimedia Aging changes in hair and nails 10/27/2014 ()
Your hair and nails help protect your body. They also keep the temperature of your body steady. As you age, your hair and nails begin to change. Hair Changes and Their Effects Hair color change . This is one of the clearest signs of aging. Hair color is due to a pigment called melanin , which hair follicles produce. Follicles are structures in the skin that make and grow hair. With aging, the follicles make less melanin, and this causes gray hair.
Health Illustrated Encyclopedia Multimedia Aging changes in hormone production 09/15/2014 ()
The endocrine system is made up of organs and tissues that produce hormones. Hormones are natural chemicals produced in one location, released into the bloodstream, then used by other target organs and systems. Hormones control the target organs. Some organ systems have their own internal control systems along with, or instead of, hormones. As we age, changes naturally occur in the way body systems are controlled. Some target tissues become less sensitive to their controlling hormone.
Health Illustrated Encyclopedia Multimedia Aging changes in immunity 10/27/2014 ()
Your immune system helps protect your body from foreign or harmful substances. Examples are bacteria, viruses, toxins, cancer cells, and blood or tissues from another person. The immune system makes cells and antibodies that destroy these harmful substances. Aging Changes and Their Effects on the Immune System As you grow older, your immune system does not work as well. The following immune system changes may occur: The immune system becomes slower to respond.
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