About This Service
Bariatric surgeryis a treatment option for people living with morbid obesity-especially for those who have not experienced long-term weight loss success through other means. Often referred to as weight loss surgery, bariatric surgery has transformed the health and lives of more than 800,000 people in the past six years.
How Does Bariatric Surgery Work?
Bariatric surgery is the clinical term for several different procedures. The procedures use one or both of two approaches to help patients lose weight and improve or resolve co-morbid conditions.
Gastric banding is a restrictive surgical procedure. During this procedure, two medical devices are implanted in the patient: a silicone band and an injection port. The silicone band is placed around the upper part of the stomach and molds the stomach into two connected chambers. The injection port is attached to the abdominal wall, underneath the skin. The port is connected to the band with soft, thin tubing.
The band is adjustable. Adjustments are made by your health care professional using a needle to inject saline solution into your band through the port. Adding saline increases the amount of restriction provided by the band, helping patients feel fuller sooner and with less food.
Life After Gastric Banding
Excess Weight Loss
Gastric banding patients typically lost 38 percent of their excess weight in the first year.
Studies found that gastric banding:
- Resolved type 2 diabetes in 59 percent of patients and often resolved the disease within days of surgery
- Resolved high blood pressure in 38.4 percent of patients
- Improved high cholesterol in 71 percent of patients
For more information about the effect of gastric banding on weight-related co-morbid conditions, visit Health Benefits.
Quality of Life
One meta-analysis stated that for bariatric surgery patients who experienced significant weight loss:
- Overall quality of life improved greatly
- They experienced improved physical functioning and appearance
- They experienced improved social and economic opportunities
- Gastric banding can help you feel satisfied sooner and with less food, but it won't eliminate the desire to eat. You will need to follow your specific diet and exercise guidelines provided by your surgeon to achieve success.
Gastric banding requires more intensive follow-up care than most other bariatric surgeries. This is mostly because the band is adjustable. Keep in mind that even after reaching and maintaining your success weight, you may still need to see your healthcare professional for further adjustments.
Your health care team will advise you when to return to work and when you are able to resume normal activities.
University Physicians who perform Bariatric Surgery: