About This Service
Bariatric surgery is a treatment option for people living with morbid obesity-especially for those who have not experienced long-term weight loss success through other means. Often referred to as weight loss surgery, bariatric surgery has transformed the health and lives of more than 800,000 people in the past six years.
How Does Bariatric Surgery Work?
Bariatric surgery is the clinical term for several different procedures. The procedures use one or both of two approaches to help patients lose weight and improve or resolve co-morbid conditions.
Sleeve gastrectomy is a restrictive bariatric surgery. During this procedure, the surgeon creates a small, sleeve-shaped stomach. It is larger than the stomach pouch created during Roux-en-Y bypass-and is about the size of a banana.
Sleeve gastrectomy is typically considered as a treatment option for bariatric surgery patients with a BMI of 40 or higher. It is often performed as the first procedure in a two-part treatment. The second part of the treatment can be gastric bypass.
Co-morbid condition resolution 12 to 24 months after sleeve gastrectomy has been reported in 345 patients. Sleeve gastrectomy patients experienced resolution rates for type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and obstructive sleep apnea that were similar to resolution rates for other restrictive procedures such as gastric banding.
To learn more about sleeve gastrectomy, visit the website of the American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery (ASMBS) and review the ASMBS Position Statement on Sleeve Gastrectomy As a Bariatric Procedure.
Life After Sleeve Gastrectomy
Excess Weight Loss
Patients typically lost 66 percent of their excess weight in the first year.
Studies found that patients:
- Resolved type 2 diabetes in 45 percent of patients
- Resolved high blood pressure in 49 percent of patients
- Improved high cholesterol in 77 percent of patients
- Resolved obstructive sleep apnea in 60 percent of patients
Quality of Life
One meta-analysis stated that for bariatric surgery patients who experienced significant weight loss:
- Overall quality of life improved greatly
- They experienced improved appearance and physical functioning
- They experienced improved social and economic opportunities
- Abdominal bloating and foul-smelling stool or gas may occur.
- Patients also need to supplement with daily multivitamins and calcium and may be prescribed vitamin B12 and iron by their healthcare professional.
There are benefits and risks with a sleeve gastrectomy. Discuss your bariatric surgery options with a bariatric surgeon in your area.
University Physicians who perform Bariatric Surgery: