Colorectal Cancer Risk Factors & Prevention

Facts about Colorectal Cancer

  • Colon cancer is one of the most commonly diagnosed cancers in the United States.
    • It is estimated that 4,840 new colorectal cancers will be diagnosed in Georgia alone in 2021
  • Rates of colon cancer have been increasing every year by 2% in people younger than 50 and 1% in people 50 to 64 since 2012
  • 1 in 23 (approximately 4.3%) of men and 1 in 25 (approximately 4%) of women will develop colorectal cancer in their lifetime
  • Colorectal cancer is the third leading cause of cancer-related deaths in men and women in the United States
    • It is estimated that 1,700 colorectal cancer-related deaths will occur in the state of Georgia in 2021

Colorectal Cancer Risk Factors:

  • Obesity/being overweight
  • Physical Inactivity
  • Diets high in red/processed meats
  • Cigarette smoking
  • Alcohol use
  • Aging
  • Personal history of colon polyps, inflammatory bowel disease
  • Family history of polyps or colorectal cancer
  • Genetic mutation
  • Having Familial Adenomatous Polyposis
  • Being African American or Jewish
  • Having type 2 diabetes

Colorectal Cancer Screening Guidelines:

  • Colonoscopies beginning at age 45 every 10 years for those with average risk of cancer, OR;
  • Stool-based test beginning at age 45 every 3 years