Catheterization Procedures

Cardiac Catheterization: This diagnostic procedure is completed by gently inserting a catheter into the blood vessels that feed the heart. Several injections of X-ray dye are made into the arteries allowing physicians to see heart blockages. Pressure measurements are taken inside the heart to further evaluate the heart chambers and valves.

TandemHeart: The TandemHeart percutaneous ventricular assist device can be used to support patients in cardiogenic shock (until cardiac recovery occurs or as a bridge to definitive therapy) or as a temporary application during high-risk coronary interventions.

Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty: Also known as PTCA or balloon angioplasty, this interventional procedure involves inserting a balloon-tipped catheter into a blocked heart artery. The balloon is then inflated and deflated to compress the blockage of plaque and increase the blood flow.

Coronary Stenting: A stent is a small metal coil, or mesh tube, that may be placed in the artery to help keep it from reclosing by providing scaffolding-like support. A stent is commonly used in conjunction with balloon angioplasty and atherectomy.

Atherectomy: This technique is used to remove plaque from a blocked heart artery. This procedure can be completed using several different state-of-the-art methods readily available in the cardiac catheterization lab.

Chronic Total Occlusion (CTO) Percutaneous Intervention: This minimally invasive procedure, which is performed in a cardiac catheterization lab, treats patients with complete blockages of the coronary arteries.

Coronary Ultrasound: Coronary Ultrasound utilizes sound waves to assist in the evaluation of the heart arteries. A small catheter is placed inside the artery, and pictures are taken from within to better define the blockages.

Coronary IFR: IFR or Instant Wave-Free Ratio is a diagnostic procedure which is performed to determine the exact severity of a coronary lesion. IFR is performed by passing a small sensor tipped wire beyond a lesion to measure blood flow.

Valvuloplasty: This procedure is similar to balloon angioplasty of the heart arteries. The difference is that a larger balloon is used to expand a constricted heart valve, leading to increased blood flow through the heart. Valvuloplasty can be performed as a bridge to TAVR (transcatheter aortic valve replacement).

Peripheral Angioplasty and Stenting: This interventional procedure is used to improve or restore blood flow in other arteries outside the heart, including the legs, kidneys and carotid arteries.

Impella Implantation: The Impella is currently the world's smallest heart pump. The whole device is less than the width of a pencil, and the pump is tinier than an eraser. This tiny device acts as a temporary artificial heart as it maintains blood flow through the body during a cardiac procedure. It works by pumping blood throughout the body when the heart is too weak to do it itself – providing time for the heart to rest and heal.