Vein Disease

Chronic vein disease are chronic vein conditions where veins can become diseased or abnormal. These complications may include leg swelling or discomfort, varicose veins, spider veins and more. There are also a number of other conditions that could be related or occur independently:

Common Vein Issues

If left untreated, venous disease can lead to:

  • An increased risk of blood clots
  • Skin discoloration
  • Hardening of the skin
  • Ulcer formation on the lower leg

Venous disease also can lead to the following conditions:

  • Varicose Veins
  • Lipodermatosclerosis
  • Phlebitis
  • Spider and Reticular Veins
  • Ulcers

Symptoms of venous disease include:

  • Aching
  • Fatigue, heaviness in legs
  • Pain — throbbing, burning, stabbing
  • Cramping, especially at night
  • Swelling
  • Itchiness around the lower calf and ankle
  • Restless legs
  • Numbness

Vein Disease Risk Factors

  • The primary risk factor for venous disease is heredity. If both your parents had vein problems, there's an 89 percent chance you will, too.
  • Age is another factor. Though venous disease can develop in your teens, it does become more prevalent as you age.
  • Women are three times more likely to develop varicose veins than men due to hormonal factors.
  • The chance of developing varicose veins increases with each pregnancy because of the fluctuating hormones and also because the growing baby puts pressure on the mother's pelvic veins.
  • Obesity is a factor, but only raises the risk slightly.
  • Standing and sitting professions also increase the likelihood of developing venous disease. Without proper muscle contractions, blood can pool in the legs and cause varicose veins.
  • Trauma from an accident or from a medical procedure that damages the vein can eventually lead to varicose veins.

Contact University's Vein Center

1350 Walton Way
Augusta, Ga.