Obesity and Heart Disease and High Blood Pressure

Heart disease and high blood pressure are related health conditions. High blood pressure indicates that your heart is straining to pump blood throughout your circulatory system and can lead to health disorders such as heart disease.

Heart disease is an umbrella term for several diseases that affect the heart and the circulatory system. Heart disease can be quite serious and fatal. You may want to compare bariatric surgery's high-resolution rates for heart disease to the long-term effects of these conditions.

People living with morbid obesity are at risk for developing heart disease and high blood pressure, including conditions such as:

  • Coronary artery disease which occurs when the coronary arteries become hardened and narrowed by fatty material; there are rarely any signs or symptoms, so many people with this disease have lived with it for years before the first onset of symptoms, such as a "sudden" heart attack
  • Heart attack which occurs when the heart's blood supply is interrupted and can damage or completely stop the heart
  • Angina which occurs when the heart does not get enough blood and feels like pressure or squeezing in the chest, shoulders, arms, neck, jaw, or back
  • Arrhythmias which are irregular heartbeats, depending on the type, arrhythmias can lead to death
  • Heart disease including bleeding along artery walls, hardening of the arteries, and heart attack
  • Stroke which is an interruption or blockage of blood to the brain
  • Kidney damage and kidney failure due to damaged blood vessels and which can require a kidney transplant or dialysis
  • Vision loss due to blocked blood vessels to the eye